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09 September 2011

Reference architecture using the Spring.Net framework with Microsoft Dynamics Ax 2012 services

One month without new posting. But not because I wasn't working for this blog ;-) ...
I was never a fan of the BC.Net and I always hoped that Microsoft would fully integrate the WCF and so fully integarte Ax into a SOA architecture. With Dynamics Ax 2012 it looks like Microsoft did a great move in this direction.
Some years ago I worked on a .Net SOA framework for a French bank that was pretty similar to the Spring-framework which did not exist for the .Net framework at that time. When a colleague presented the Spring.Net framework 2007 (thank you, Bruno) it was first quite frustrating, because this framework did exactly the same as the one I was working on but much better, with much more flexibility and was more reliable. For me it is still the best business framework I know and its SOA approach makes it a perfect fit with Dynamics Ax 2012. Spring.Net is not only a perfect fit because its technical arguments, but also because millions of well skilled Java developers are very quickly operational on this framework because the Spring.Net API is nearly identical with its brother from the Java-platform (and reciproke, of course). As you can see there are a lot of arguments to do a POC, so that Spring.Net becomes a serious alternative when integrating Dynamics Ax 2012 in a SOA architecture. That's why I started a new project on Codeplex and blog the next months on this POC.
Feel free to participate by contributing code or ideas ;-)

10 August 2011

Why I'm using BC.Net as abbreviation for .Net Business Connector

It's always painful to write (and read) the full name "Dynamics Ax .Net Business Connector" and because BC stands for "Business Connector" and because we do have a COM and a .Net Business Connectors, the easiest to write and less ambiguous abbreviation for the "Dynamics Ax .Net Business Connector" is BC.Net
Still wondering why I don't get much results on Google for "BC.Net" ;-)

Alternatives would be ".NetBC" or ".Net BC" - but seriously...

07 August 2011

Simplify tracking changes with sysDatabaseLog on field-level

SysDatabaseLog is a great help to log any kind of data-changes and it is very easy to use. The setup of logs allows you to configure tracking the changes until the field-level. But unfortunately it is painful to look for the changes for these field-level based database-logs if the same table is already configured to track all modification because the information about the changed field is saved in a container. Here now a suggestion to simplify the tracking and reduce the need of ressources during the data-investigation by flagging database-logs that are done on fields that are tracked:

1 Add a new column hasTrackedFieldChanged (EDT: NoYesId) in the SysDatabaseLog-table
2 Create a new method hasTrackedFieldChanged in the Application-class
boolean hasTrackedFieldChanged(TableId _tableId, container changedFields, DatabaseLogType _logType)
{
    boolean hasField = false;
    DatabaseLog dbLog;//contains the information about tracked tables/ fields
    int counter;
    FieldId fieldId, extFieldId;
    ;

    if (conlen(changedFields) > 0) //are there items in the container?
    {
        for(counter = 0; counter <= conlen(changedFields); counter++)  // loops all elements in the container
        {
            extFieldId = conpeek(changedFields, counter); //gets the extended fieldId

            if (extFieldId != 0) //extFieldId is 0 if it concerns the entire table
            {
                fieldId = fieldExt2Id(extFieldId); //gets the fieldId based on the extFieldId

                SELECT FIRSTONLY
                    recID
                FROM
                    dbLog
                WHERE
                    dbLog.logfield == fieldId       //is the changed field in the list of tracked fields...
                    && dbLog.LogTable == _tableId   //...for that table...
                    && dbLog.LogType == _logType ;  //...and the current action (Update)
                if(dbLog)
                {
                    hasField = true;
                    break; //no need to continue
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return hasField;
}
3 Change the logUpdate-method in the Application class
sysDatabaseLog.hasTrackedFieldChanged =
            this.hasTrackedFieldChanged(recordUpdated.TableId, changedFields, DatabaseLogType::Update);
It is now easy to filter all logs for tracked fields:

06 August 2011

Using ADO.Net with X++

X++ is, as you know, a powerful language which allows you to do almost all reasonable things with your data. But, sometimes you need to use the full power of your SQL-Server, or access an external database. This can be done with ODBC or ADO. But ODBC is not enabling you the full capacities of your database and ADO is not the most performant way to access databases. Instead of these two possibilities it is in most situation handier to use the ADO.Net instead of ADO (I posted an example in 2008 on msdn). The only thing to do in Dynamics Ax 2009 is to reference the System.Data assembly, which inclued the SQL-Server client implementation. The .Net framework includes a client for Oracle and ODBC. Using the Oracle-client requires the assembly System.Data.OracleClient, the ODBC is part of the System.Data assembly, like the SqlServer-client. Other providers can be found here.
This sample gives you a pretty good idea of how to implement this on your own:
public static server void ExecuteADONETQuery()
{
    str serverName;
    str catalogName;
    str ConnectionString;
    str sqlQuery;
    //ADO.Net via CLR objects. Requires referenced System.Data
    System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnectionStringBuilder connectionStringBuilder;
    System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection connection;
    System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand command;
    System.Data.SqlClient.SqlParameterCollection parameterCollection;
    System.Data.SqlClient.SqlDataReader dataReader;
    ;
    new InteropPermission( InteropKind::ClrInterop ).assert();

    //Defining any SQL-Server 200x query....
    //use parameter instead of variables, so that the database can precompile it
    //and estimate an optimal execution plan
    sqlQuery = "SELECT DISTINCT TOP 3 PDT.ACCOUNTRELATION, PDT.ITEMRELATION,  PDT.DATAAREAID FROM PRICEDISCTABLE PDT" +
                     "   LEFT OUTER JOIN INVENTTABLE  ON (PDT.ITEMRELATION = INVENTTABLE.ITEMID " +
                     "       AND PDT.ITEMCODE = 0 " +
                     "       AND PDT.DATAAREAID = INVENTTABLE.DATAAREAID) " +
                    " WHERE PDT.DATAAREAID = @DATAAREAID ";

    //ceating the ConnectionString dynamically, based on the current connection
    serverName = SysSQLSystemInfo::construct().getLoginServer();
    catalogName = SysSQLSystemInfo::construct().getloginDatabase();
    connectionStringBuilder = new System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnectionStringBuilder();
    connectionStringBuilder.set_DataSource(serverName);
    //here it becomes interesting. The current execution context will be used to
    //establish a conection. If this is executed by a batch, this is the user 
    //configured for the batch
    connectionStringBuilder.set_IntegratedSecurity(true);
    connectionStringBuilder.set_InitialCatalog(catalogName);
    //all this to prevent working with a fixed string...
    //on my computer, this would be equal to
    //"Data Source=DYNAMICSVM;Initial Catalog=DynamicsAx1;Integrated Security=True"
    ConnectionString = connectionStringBuilder.get_ConnectionString();

    //initializing connection and command
    connection = new System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection(ConnectionString);
    command = new System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand(sqlQuery);
    command.set_Connection(connection);

    //initializing the parameter @DATAAREAID with AddWithValue
    //http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.data.sqlclient.sqlparametercollection.addwithvalue.aspx
    //To prevent using the System.Data.DBTypes. These might not work on the server.
    //This will automatically set the correct DBType during the runtime and prevent running
    //into this pitfall...
    parameterCollection = command.get_Parameters();
    parameterCollection.AddWithValue("@DATAAREAID", "CEE");

    //executing SQL-query
    try
    {
        //open within catch, so that the object can correcly be disposed
        //all these try-catch are quite ennoying in X++, but this because 
        //X++ does not know finally...
        connection.Open();
        try
        {
            //All code after the open must be in a seperate catch, so that the
            //open connection-object can correcly be disposed.
            dataReader = command.ExecuteReader();

            while(dataReader.Read())
            {
                //use the named columns instead of index.
               info( dataReader.get_Item("ITEMRELATION"));
            }
            //Dispose ADO.Net objects ASAP
            dataReader.Dispose();
        }
        catch //should be more precise in a real-world application
        {
            //if exception occures while reading, DataReader need to be
            dataReader.Dispose();
        }
        catch(Exception::CLRError) //CLR exception need to be handled explicitely
        //otherwise they might be 'lost'. Happy copy&pasteing
        {
            //if exception occures while reading, DataReader need to be
            dataReader.Dispose();
        }
        connection.Dispose();
    }
    catch //should be more precise in a real-world application
    {
        connection.Dispose(); //disposing connection if it fails before opening it
    }
    catch(Exception::CLRError)
    {
        connection.Dispose();
    }
    command.Dispose();
    CodeAccessPermission::revertAssert();
}

17 July 2011

Redefining (mapping) Dynamics Ax EventLogs

Ever tried to monitor Dynamics Ax events with a monitoring tool that does only work with EventIds? Dynamics Ax does unfortunately writes nearly all relevant events with the eventId 110 (here a complete list). It is possible to create your own events, but it isn't possible to change the standard events.
For that reason I scripted a small tool that collects the events that are defined in a list (by EventId, EventType and a fragment of the EventMessage) from a list of servers (SourceServers)  and writes them locally based on mapping rules defined in the Xml-configuration file. so that it is now possible to create fine grained eventLogs. The scripts creates for each SourceServers a cookie to store the creation-DateTime of the last message, so that the script just reads out all newly created messages. Here's an example for an configuration

    
        
              
        
     
      
     
    

The XmlElement SourceServers does define the list of servers with its logName (for standard Ax EventLogs it is "Application"). The XmlElement Events does define the mapping-rules with:
  • EventId (id)
  • The part of the message (no wildcard character)
  • EventType (Information, Warning, Error)


  • The local eventSource (defined with the attribute destinationEventSource on the XmlElement Events) is automatically created if it does not already exist. The eventSource needs to be unique on the machine (1), so you can only define it once and not use it with another eventLog. You need to run the script with the EventPackage-name as argument (see documentation in the script) as with Administrator rights for the UAC. Please be aware that the local path is actually security reasons hardcoded for:
    $scriptPath = "C:\Scripts\MapEventIds\";
    
    This script is just an example. Feel free to customize it for your needs.

    Update: (23/07/11) Refactored the code so that it is now using the pipeline instead of referenced arguments. Please use the FQN instead of the IP to avoid issues with the machine name resolution. (hope that the cache on the WebServer refreshes the next hours...)

    Dynamics Ax EventIds

    The only information Google finds about Dynamics Ax EventIds from Microsot is in Italian and very old (2005). Translationg it with BabelFish gives at least the chance to understand it (for a non Italian-speaking person). Would be great if Microsoft could at least publish this document in English, which shouldn't be a big deal, since this is the same text as in the original message definition file and publish it for Ax 2009 and 2012, too.

    16 July 2011

    AOS service does not stop and stays pending (what happens when the AOS stops)

    In my article about stopping AOS services via PowerShell, I implemented a timeout for stopping the AOS gracefully before killing that service. In that script I set the timeout to 60 sec, which should be more then enough under normal circumstances. If this timeout needs to be different for you, just change that. But at the end, you need to be sure that the AOS service is stopped, and if it isn't, the service needs to be stopped by killing the process.

    Why can an AOS stuck in a pending state? 
    First an explanation what the AOS does when it is stopped: The AOS is managed by the service control manager (MSDN/Wiki) (SCM). This SCM does send the messages STOP, PAUSE, CONTINUE and SHUTDOWN to the AOS, which does react on these messages. In my script, I'm using the .Net class ServiceController to work with the SCM in a very comfortable way because the .Net class wraps the Win32 API (PInvoke) and guarantees you a safe way to work with windows services. By calling the Stop method, the script just sends a STOP message via SCM to the AOS and, if the main-thread of the AOS service does have time to handle that message, it will set the first set the service in a pending state and then trigger the Shutdown. The shutdown of an AOS does first interrupt all user sessions (you might find this message in the event-log: "Object Server 01: RPC error: Client provided an invalid session ID 9") , then terminates the server session ("Object Server 01: Server main session is being destroyed.") and once all these sessions are closed, it will then remove the RPC interface from the RPC run-time library registry and then stop listening to the RPC calls. Only then the SCM sets the status of the AOS to stopped. (This article on MSDN shows in a very simple example what the AOS does for disposing the RPC, too).
    So there shouldn't be any problem when stopping the AOS, but unfortunately the AOS does sometimes not succeed to stop the service gracefully and this happens only from time to time when the AOS is under stress and it is therefore difficult to reproduce. But because the shutdown waits until the ServerSession is terminated, it is enough to freeze the thread of the AOS session with a sleep.
    public server static void FreezeAOSSessionThread()
    {
        ;
        sleep(60000);
    }
    
    Calling the sleep on the client wouldn't work, because the client-sessions are killed. In no case, the client can prevent the AOS to stop and hold him in a pending state (In all cases I could track back, the situation on the AOS was similar: The AOS-session could not be terminated). If you are looking for the cause, take a dump with ADPlus from the AOS and check the X++ call stack. Once again, thank you Tariq... Attach AdPlus to the process and kill the process with the task-manager. The dump will then automatically taken.
    Killing the AOS might terminate open connections to the SQL-Server as well. But because CUD (create, update and delete) operations are done within transactions, killing the AOS-service shouldn't break the database integrety - if no custom code breaks this best-practice. Just keep in mind that you will loose all data of non-committed transactions.

    14 July 2011

    My first AIF project is finally flying :-)

    Finishing a project is always the most thrilling moment in a project. Seeing finally the application been used by customers and colleagues is just magic and the major reason for me to work in the IT...
    7 months of hard work and the new EDI platform for the purchase and sales process is finally flying. The publicly visible part of the eCommerce is the WebShop which is a custom .Net Web-application that is communicating via BizTalk with the AIF framework. Because of the quite disappointing standard AIF-services, I decided to create a complete new EDI-platform on top of AIF. The platform is now online for the German subsidiary of Camfil, but it will be soon rolled out in most other European countries. I hope I will find the time to blog about some of the strategic key elements of that architecture in the next weeks (why not using the Enterprise Portal or the standard AIF services, how to prevent performance bottle necks, testing AIF services and integrating EDI smoothly into standard processes)
    A big thank you, Mathias, Alex, Sebastian, Markus, Peter and Bettina, for all your great work :-)

    13 July 2011

    Windows PowerShell Cookbook

    Because I already blogged about PowerShell-scripts for administration tasks, here a link to great online-book from Lee Holmes about everything you need to know about programming PowerShell and much, much more. You can order it on Amazon, too.

    12 July 2011

    Windows EventLogs with X++

    Here's a very small and simple class that makes it very easy to use the Windows EventLogs with X++. It creates, if necessary, a new log/source and logs the events there:
    Just derive from the abstract base-class "WinEventLogsBase" (as it is done in WinEventLogs_Batches) and overwrite the log/source and messageId, so that your events are unique.


    The job TestEventLogs is an example how to write EventLogs:
    static void TestEventLogs(Args _args)
    {
        WinEventLogsBase logs;
        System.Diagnostics.EventLogEntryType type = System.Diagnostics.EventLogEntryType::Error;
        System.Int32 eventId = 110;
    ;
        //Works well, but in the EventLog for Workflow events
        SysWorkflowHelper::writeEventLogEntry("Test simple error from Workflow.");
    
        //uses the EventSource for the Dynamics Server with the instance suffix to write a message
        System.Diagnostics.EventLog::WriteEntry("Dynamics Server 01", "Test simple error with WriteEntry.");
        //will result in:
        //The description for Event ID ( 0 ) in Source ( Dynamics Server 01 ) cannot be found.
        //because this source is linked to the ressource:
        //C:\Program Files\Microsoft Dynamics AX\50\Server\DynamicsAx1\Bin\Ax32Serv.exe
        //in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Eventlog\Application\Dynamics Server 01
        //which doesn't know how to handle that EventId
    
        //now by selecting the Dynamics Ax standard EventId 110:
        System.Diagnostics.EventLog::WriteEntry("Dynamics Server 01", "Test simple error with WriteEntry.", type, eventId);
        //Works pretty fine, but: always the same EventSource and EventId, which is not possible to track for many
        //monitoring tools like for example Heroix Longitude which do only interpret the EventId.
    
        //now that little tool:
        logs = new WinEventLogs_Batches(); //specialization for logs
    
        //WinEventLogs_Batches uses an EventSource and EventLog on its own
        logs.writeError("Test simple error");  //uses a default EventId
        logs.writeInfo("Test simple info", 4711); //uses an explicit EventId
        logs.writeWarning("Test simple warning");
    
        logs = new WinEventLogs_Test(); //specialization that uses the Eventlog "Application" for the source
    
        //WinEventLogs_Test uses its own EventSource but "Application" as EventLog
        logs.writeError("Test simple error");
        logs.writeInfo("Test simple info", 4712);
        logs.writeWarning("Test simple warning");
        //because this tool links the registered EventSource to:
        //c:\WINDOWS\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\EventLogMessages.dll
        //it is now possible to use any custom EventId which is not predifined in the resource like in the
        //first example.
    }
    

    10 July 2011

    Authenticating a user with user-name and password against Windows with X++

    The AccountManagement Namespace was introduced with .Net 3.5 and provides some very useful classes which are, by referencing this assembly, available with X++, as well. At least if you've installed .Net 3.5.

    Here's an example how to authenticate a username and password against Windows with the PrincipalContext class and the ValidateCredentials-method.
    boolean isAuthenticated = false;
    System.DirectoryServices.AccountManagement.PrincipalContext principalContext;
    ;
    
    principalContext = new System.DirectoryServices.AccountManagement.PrincipalContext(System.DirectoryServices.AccountManagement.ContextType::Domain, "contoso.com");
    isAuthenticated = principalContext.ValidateCredentials("username", "password");
    principalContext.Dispose();
    
    if (isAuthenticated)
    {
        //do something
    }
    else
    {
        //do something
    }
    

    Update: (15/07/11) And bcause of the Google search keywords: The username and password for the contoso.com VPC are Administrator and Passw0rd (or pass@word1 depends on the vpc) ... ;-)

    09 July 2011

    Authentication of the different components in Ax 2009

    One of the most annoying subjects in Ax2009 is installing and configuring the huge number of components which do need to authenticate each other. There are Reporting Services, Analysis Services, SharePoint Services (or MOSS) on IIS, AIF MSMQ, AIF WebServices, AIF BTS, the Ax AOS,  Internet Explorer, SMB for the application file-share and the Ax client (some do have BC.Net applications as well). If they are all installed on one box, this is quite easy to maintain. But a distributed installation (especially on a large scale) is extremely complicated and requires a profound understanding of Kerberos authentication.  Because I recently had to find an issue on my erroneous installation, here's a nice schema of my current Ax 2009 configuration which might help you as well:


    06 July 2011

    PowerShell script to restart Windows (AOS) services remotely


    Just a small script to restart a list of Windows-services (download here). It checks that they are stopped and kills them if they cannot be stopped and then starts them. If there are any errors, an email is sent and the user is informed about the progress in the tray-bar. All this is configurable in an Xml-file. It's a small script and should only be used as an example of how the PowerShell can be useful for the daily business (please understand that I don't publish the final version):

    • stopping and starting services remotely
    • killing a process remotely
    • getting ProcessId from service-name
    • sending a mail
    • executing WMI queries on remote machines
    • pinging machines
    • Info-bubble in the tray bar
    • creating and writing into EventLogs
    • handling exceptions
    • working with Xml-files
    • passing parameter to a function
    • working with ref-variables

    Update: (09/07/11) Updated script with some fixes and changes in the behavior.
    Update: (10/07/11)  As this was my first experience with PowerShell scripting, I rewrote the script with all what I learned during these days. The script does now restart remotely in a controlled way the services and tracks all info about the executed activities and anomalies during this process.
    Update: (23/07/11)  Still novice with PowerShell... :-( Refactored the code so that it is now using the pipeline instead of referenced arguments.

    26 June 2011

    Batchable AxdSend-class in Ax2009 and Ax2012

    The AxdSend-class is a very easy to implement class, that helps you writing outbound services for Dynamics Ax 2009 and 2012. The AxdSendExchangeRates-class from Ax 2009 (not existing in Ax 2012 anymore) gives you an idea of how to use this class. Unfortunately there are some reasons why the AxdSend-class cannot run as-is in batches:

    1. The base class: The AxdSend-class needs to derive from RunBaseBatch.
    2. The dialog: The dialog is built on the axdSend-form which does not provide the 'tab'-control for the RunBaseBatch-dialog. This form needs to be modified by adding a new tab-control named 'tab'. Otherwise you would get an exception from the buildControl-method in the DialogForm-class. Btw: The name 'tab' is hardcoded in the tabName-method of the same class.
    3. The method sendMultipleDocuments: calling this method results in calling the run-method, and, as you know, batches are executed by calling the run-method...
    Changing this would let the AxdSend-class be 'batchable', but unfortunately the class wouldn't be executable in the interactive mode anymore. This, because the dialog form from the AxdSend, which is opened by calling the prompt-method, requires these members being initialized:
    • aifDocumentClassId
    • serviceClassId
    • aifConstraintList
    • aifSendMode
    • sendActionType
    • aifActionId
    My suggestion here is to create a new base-class for batchable AxdSend-classes to isolate these modifications as much as possible. You can download a private project  that contains my modifications/new classes for Ax2009 in all concerned AOT-objects:
    • AxdSend-class
    • axdSend-form
    • AxdBatchableSend-class (custom base-class)
    • AxdSendExchangeRates as an example how to use the AxdBatchableSend class
    The batch will use the endpoint that is stored in the usage-data. So the batch needs to be executed at least once in the interactive mode.
    Important note:
    Importing this project will overwrite these objects and overwrite all modifications in the same layer, too. Please be careful when importing the project.
    These modifications are not compatible with Ax2012, but it requires only slight changes to adapt this to Ax2012. I will upload a project for Ax2012 once Ax2012 is released.

    Update: (30/06/11) I fixed an issue with the initialization of the endpoint-list.
    Update: (02/07/11) Ups, fixed an issue with the dialog initialization.
    Update: (04/07/11) Sends only message if query returns more than one element.

    19 June 2011

    The BC.Net in Dynamics Ax 2012

    I've never been a fan of using the BC.Net in client applications. It's true that this is a very easy to use interface, but in most use-cases the Ax-client or the AIF are a better choice. The BC.Net is in fact a regular Ax-client without UI (user interface) and this means that it requires such an installation with the application that has been written - with all the constraints of the Ax-client plus some BC.Net specific ones:
    1. Local BC.Net installation (not easily maintainable when deploying on a larger scale)
    2. Dynamics Ax 2009 doesn't support side-by-side installations of clients (inflexible architecture)
    3. RPC-protocol (constraint for the infrastructure: Firewall)
    4. No multi-threading (lousy performance). Using multi-threading with the BC.Net results always in exceptions.
    5. No session-management. Only one session at a time. (no scalability) A very complex session-management needs to be written.
    6. No contract for the method and its signature (difficultly maintainable when application changes over the time) as it is available with the AIF (service+Xsd or Wsdl with AIF-WebServices)
    7. BC.Net requires the Enterprise Portal license when hosted by the IIS (this constraint is hardcoded in the BC.Net)
    I wasn't surprised when I read that the BC.Net is no longer recommended to be used directly. The future is services + WCF. I would even say, that the use of the BC.Net should already be avoided whenever possible today. The AIF does offer you many possibilities for doing it today and the standard Ax client is for most other situations good-enough...

    PS: And don't forget that there is no COM.BC available with Dynamics Ax 2012.

    Exporting AIF endpoints with Dynamics Ax 2012

    What a good news in Dynamics Ax 2012! The nightmare while deploying AIF endpoints has finally an end and you do obviously not need to be worried about changed classIDs and RefRecIds (AifDataPolicy does reference AifDocumentField by the RecId) anymore. Here's a guide how to export the endpoints by definition groups in Ax 2012 on Msdn.

    .Net 4.0 client profile not enough for the Dynamics Ax BC.Net

    On Dilip's blog on Dynamics Ax, Dilip suggests in his article on BC.Net compatibility settings, to switch from .Net Framework 4.0 Client Profile to .Net Framework 3.5 with the argument, that this makes sense because the BC.Net is compiled on top of the .Net 3.5 Framework.
    I was surprised reading this, because Microsoft promised backward compatibility and the .NET Framework 4:
    The .NET Framework 4 is backward-compatible with applications that were built with the .NET Framework versions 1.1, 2.0, 3.0, and 3.5. In other words, applications and components built with previous versions of the .NET Framework will work on the .NET Framework 4.
    The errormessage when compiling the BC.Net application against the .Net 4.0 client was:
    ...could not be resolved because it has a dependency on "System.Web....
    So why do BC.Net projects don't compile with client profiles ? To answer this, browse through the BC.Net assembly with the .Net Reflector or, because it's open-source and free: ILSpy and you will notice that the BC.Net does reference for the BC.Net 2012 'Microsoft.Dynamics.AX.ManagedInterop' and this references the 'System.Web' assembly. The BC.Net 2009 does directly reference the 'System.Web'-assembly.
    Now, having a look on Msdn for the .Net 4.0 client profile, it is documented:
    The .NET Framework 4 Client Profile does not include the following features. You must install the .NET Framework 4 to use these features in your application:
    • ASP.NET
    • Advanced Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) functionality
    • .NET Framework Data Provider for Oracle
    • MSBuild for compiling
    The 'System.Web' assembly, which is part of the System.Web-namespace and so not part of the reduced .Net framework runtime, requires the full .Net 4.0 Framework. Now select the full .Net 4.0 Framework for compatibility and compile it again. It will work. Selecting the .Net 3.5 client profile will, of course, result in the same error. As I mentioned, this is true for the BC.Net of Dynamics Ax 2009 AND 2012.

    UPDATED 02/07/2011: Dilip updated his article with a very interesting information about the runtime-compatibility of applications referencing the BC.Net assembly: It requires the useLegacyV2RuntimeActivationPolicy attribute to be set to true. But read his article fur further information.

    UPDATED 17/112011: Dilips first article was about the error message during the compilation and I was referring to the compile-time compatibility that .Net4 guaranties. The updated article now is talking about the runtime-compatibility.
    Anyway, the useLegacyV2RuntimeActivationPolicy is, despite of its name, not executing the application in a different CLR context (CLR2), but does translate some legacy shim APIs to the current CLR4, as explained in this great article about this attribute. So even by using this attribute we are, as promised by Microsoft, fully .Net 4 :-)

    08 February 2011

    Aif changes implicitly document schema when changing underlying table

    Changing the mandatory property of fields in tables that are used in Aif-documents does change implicitly the document schema. The table FDI_AifModTest_CF does have the following fields: PK, opt, opt1, mand and mand1. The mandatory fields are flaged aith "m":
    
    Mandatory fields in version 1 and 2
    
    In the beginning the mandatory fields of the table are: PK, mand and mand1.
    After having created and configured  the Aif-service, the document schema looks like this:
    
    Document schema according the version 1
     Then, in a second step, the mandatory field is changed as descibed in the first graphic. After refreshing the Aif-services the document schema changed without any notification:
    
    Document schema according the version 2
    So this shows that changing the field to mandatory changes the schema, but changing from mandatory to optional does not change the schema. The schema change does make sense but unfortunately this is done completely transparent to the user and there is by default no possibility to get notified by this. So, doing an Aif-service refresh can cause regressions and has to be done with precaution.

    15 January 2011

    Specific order of fields in Aif messages

    Aif-messages require the data to be defined in a specific order. This is why in the schema file, the Aif data-types (declared as complex types) are declared with the xs:sequence indicator:

    Example from the DirAddressService:
    ...
    
        
          
          
                ...
        
        
        
      
    
    ...

    This is particularly surprising, as the elements in an entity are always ordered alphabetically... :-\